In 2015 the US National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) began a process to produce guidance on approaches to aid communities in improving their resilience to prevailing natural and man made disasters that could affect their jurisdiction. NIST began to produce various guides to offer some processes for community planners to follow including understanding and assessing their current risks as well as develop plans to implement to improve their resilience. Using the "Guides" the community planners can better integrate their resilience efforts into their economic development, zoning, and other local planning activities impacting buildings, public utilities, and other infrastructure systems.
Currently there are three NIST Guide documents to be summarized below in this Blog:
- Community Resilience Planning Guide for Buildings and Infrastructure Systems Volume 1. (11MB Download, 125 pages, Released October 2015)
- Community Resilience Planning Guide for Buildings and Infrastructure Systems Volume II (14 MB Download, 273 pages, Released October 2015)
- Community Resilience Economic Decision Guide for Buildings and Infrastructure Systems (1 MB Download, 69 pages, Released December 2015)
The first document produced by NIST is Community Resilience Planning Guide for Buildings and Infrastructure Systems Volume 1. (11MB Download, 125 pages). Volume I describes the methodology and has an example illustrating the planning process for the fictional town of Riverbend, USA.
As part of this methodology, Volume 1 includes a "Six-Step" Process to Planning for Community Resilience." (Shown Below). Although the graphic is offering an elementary project planning structure, the contents and discussion of Volume 1 on how to approach the challenges of assessing and improving the resilience of the community is useful.
- Chapter 12 - Buildings
- Chapter 13 - Transportation Systems
- Chapter 14 - Energy Systems
- Chapter 15 - Communications Systems
- Chapter 16 - Water and Wastewater Systems
- Introduction to the Sector
- Infrastructure, Functions
- Performance Goals for the Sector
- Regulatory Environment
- Standards and Codes for New Construction and Existing Construction
- Strategies for Implementing Plans for Community Resilience
- References for the Sector
- Time to Recover Function
- Economic Vitality
- Social Well-Being
- Environmental Resilience
- Hybrid Metrics