This particular release is supported by some excellent commentary and documents at the following sites:
- Washington Post Article by Chris Mooney (Link)
- Department of Energy Quadrennial Energy Review Web Page (Link)
- Quadrennial Energy Review Fact Sheet (10 Pages) (Link)
The report included the following segments of energy infrastructure for this analysis:
As with most reviews of our country's energy infrastructure the statistics are daunting.
Some noted include:
- 2.6M miles of interstate and intrastate pipelines
- 640,000 miles of electric transmission lines
- 414 natural gas facilities
- 330 ports handling crude and refined petroleum products
- 140,000+ miles of railways handling crude petroleum
- Mitigating energy disruptions is fundamental to infrastructure resilience.
- Transmission, Storage and Distribution (TS&D) infrastructure is vulnerable to many natural phenomena.
- Threats and vulnerabilities vary substantially by region.
- Recovery from natural gas and liquid fuel system disruptions can be difficult.
- Cyber incidents and physical attacks are growing concerns.
- High-voltage transformers are critical to the grid..
- Assessment tools and frameworks need to be improved..
- Shifts in the natural gas sector are having mixed effects on resilience, reliability, safety, and asset security.
- Dependencies and interdependencies are growing.
- Aging, leak-prone natural gas distribution pipelines and associated infrastructures prompt safety and environmental concerns.